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Fire Protection

4-year full-time study programme after the successful completion of which a Secondary School Leaving Exam (Maturita) is awarded

GENERAL PART

Students of the fire protection branch gain general theoretical knowledge in the field of fire prevention and medical basics and professional skills in other selected areas. The professional training focuses mainly on:

Legislation: students are educated in the theory of a democratic state respecting the law, in legal hierarchy, legislation processes, knowledge of the Constitution, the Charter of Basic Rights and Freedoms, the safety strategies and other legal and statutory instruments regarding fire prevention and related regulations – e.g. environmental law, administration law, the Administrative Infractions Act, criminal law and the legal areas regulating medical and other rescue activities.

Organisation and methods of fire protection (further on “FP”): in the course of study the students acquire knowledge of the hierarchy of the Fire Brigade of the Czech Republic (further on FB) and of fire protection units falling into the regions coverage. It mainly focuses on the types of units and their specific characteristics, the establishment of FP units, the command of units, the basic and specific equipment, activities etc.

Crisis management and public safety: on the general level, students are educated in the area of crisis and emergency planning on all levels of state administration and regional governments including crisis documentation processing and its implementation; crisis management; the notification system and public warning system including software tools.

Emergency events and technical means of FP: This field focuses mainly on the knowledge of the qualification and classification of emergency incidents, their specific characteristics; knowledge of the action plan; knowledge of the Emergency Rescue Service constituent parts (further on ERS), the means of their cooperation, competence and scope of action. Students learn about the features of the tactical, operational and strategic levels of command, employing forces and means to fight emergency incidents in each phase – i.e. preparation, reaction and reconstruction. In general, the students gain an overview of the FP equipment and mobile fire-fighting (apparatus) technology. They are taught about the burning processes and the fire-extinguishing principles etc.

Fire Prevention: Concerning fire prevention, students gain a basic notion of the fire prevention scheme and of the ways of performing state fire-prevention supervision. Students specialize in the legislation requirements and technical norms governing the area of the fire safety of constructions, and learn formulae describing spread of fire and spread of combustion product, heat transmission, fire safety technology and special chemistry. At the same time students gain knowledge of technical documentation and of activities of the FB necessary in a building permit procedure.

Medical guidance:  besides the medical basics in somatology, pathology and psychology, the programme focuses primarily on first aid, certain areas of urgent medicine and activities of paramedics while providing the first pre-medical urgent care, especially with relevance to fighting emergency incidents.

PROFESSIONAL PART

In the third year of their study, students choose one of the three professional areas:

  1. Fire-fighter
  2. Fire Prevention Officer
  3. Fire      Control Operator

The Fire-fighter – Students can only apply if their health fitness complies with the requirements set by regulations for employment in security forces. Taking into consideration their health, fitness, theoretical and practical capabilities, graduates are able to fight fire without further assistance. The curriculum focuses on fighting emergency events and related fire-fighting technology, while incorporating the accountability of fire protection units; knowledge of special chemistry, especially hazardous chemical materials and compounds; technical and tactic parameters of FP technical means and apparatus. The practical skills are gained at FP unit premises or at FP training sites and in paramedic centres.

Fire Prevention Officer – both from the theoretical and practical view, graduate students are ready to perform FP activities as a Certified Person, i.e. inspecting sites and assessing fire hazards for persons, animals and property; providing training to personnel, members of the fire watch and fire protection officers of a lower rank; processing FP documentation and guidelines for legal entities and self-employed persons. Fire prevention is studied in detail including the fire safety of constructions, fire sections, fire safety devices, calculations of fire hazard, fire load, heat transmission etc., as well as physical and chemical processes of burning, explosions, their toxic impact and their extermination. The internship is carried out at Fire Prevention Departments – i.e. prevention of constructions, supervisory activities and cause-of-fire investigations.

Fire Control Operator Graduates of this course are fully capable of fulfilling the tasks of an operator in a Fire Brigade Command and Control Centre. The tuition covers specific conversation in a foreign language and verbal interaction in emergency situations. What is perceived to be of special interest is the study of crisis and emergency planning, creating alarm plans within the Emergency Rescue System, fire alarm plans and their implementation, control and the use of warning and notification elements. The internship is carried out in FB Command and Control Centres, in Paramedic Command and Control Centres and in departments of planning and public safety.